Journal of Medicine and Palliative Care (JOMPAC) is an open access scientific journal with independent, unbiased, and double-blind review under international guidelines. The purpose of JOMPAC is to contribute to the literature by publishing articles on health sciences and medicine.

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Original Article
Perioperative risk factors for acute kidney ınjury in major abdominal surgeries: a retrospective observatioal study
Aims: Acute kidney injury (AKI), particularly as a postoperative complication related to surgery, has been independently associated with morbidity and mortality. AKI also develops at a significant rate after major abdominal surgery. In this study, it was aimed to identify the risk factors contributing to the development of AKI following major abdominal surgery.
Methods: The study was retrospectively planned. Patients who underwent major abdominal surgery were included in the study. Patients’ demographic data, preoperative laboratory data, intraoperative data, and postoperative data were recorded from patient files. The diagnosis and severity of postoperative acute kidney injury (PO-AKI) were assessed using serum creatinine and/or urine output criteria in accordance with the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) guidelines. The patients were divided into two groups: AKI and non-AKI.
Results: A total of 64 patients with complete data were included in the study. Among these patients, 6 developed AKI (9.3%). The mean age in the AKI group was found to be statistically significantly higher (p: 0.043). The Frailty index was significantly higher in the AKI group (p: 0.020). Additionally, it was observed that the use of aspirin and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) / angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) was statistically significantly higher in the AKI group (p: 0.022, p: 0.044, respectively). When patients were evaluated in terms of intraoperative parameters, the amount of colloid used, the amount of ES used, and vasopressor usage were found to be statistically significantly higher in the AKI group (p<0.001, p: 0.036, p: 0.022, respectively). Lastly, vasopressor usage and diuretic usage were found to be statistically significantly higher in the AKI group for postoperative period (p: 0.002, p: 0.044, respectively)
Conclusion: Many parameters covering the perioperative period can cause PO-AKI. Especially in elderly patients, frailty and age are significant factors that must be kept in mind.

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Volume 5, Issue 3, 2024
Page : 160-165